為何梵帝岡在1684年將14本書從聖經上除名?

Comment is Closed

1611年,人類將拉丁文的聖經翻譯成英文。當時聖經中包含80本書,而最後14本書已遭除名,它們構成了舊約聖經,14本書如下:

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  • 以斯拉續篇(1 Esdras)
  • 以斯拉二書(2 Esdras)
  • 多俾亞傳(Tobit)
  • 友弟德傳(Judith)
  • 以斯帖餘卷(The rest of Esther)
  • 所羅門智訓(The Wisdom of Solomon)
  • 德訓篇(Ecclesiasticus)
  • 巴路克及耶利米書信(Baruch with the epistle Jeremiah)
  • 三童歌(The Songs of the 3 Holy children)
  • 蘇撒拿傳(The history of Susana)
  • 彼勒與大龍(bel and the dragon)
  • 瑪拿西禱告文(Prayer for Manasses)
  • 馬加比一書(1 Maccabees)
  • 馬加比二書(2Maccabees)

其中最有趣的是「所羅門智訓」。看看以下節錄的片段:

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Wisdom of Solomon 2:1-24

1 For the ungodly said reasoning with them selves, but not aright, our life is short and tedious and in death of a man there is no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the grave.

2 For we are born at all adventure: and we shall be hereafter as though we had never been: for the breath of our nostrils is as smoke, and the little spark in the moving of our heart

3 Which being extinguished, our body shall be turned into ashes, and our spirit shall vanish as the soft air,

4 And our name shall be forgotten in time, and no man shall have our works in remembrance, and our life shall pass away as the trace of a cloud, and shall be dispersed as a mist, that is driven away, with the beams of the sun, and overcome with the heat thereof.

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5 For our time is very shadow that passeth away; and after our end there is no returning: for it is fast sealed, so that no man cometh again.

1.惡人不恰當地評論自己:我們的生命很短,且充滿辛酸。當一個人垂死時,沒有救活的方法。從未聽說有人從墳墓中起死回生。

2.我們的出生是偶然,此生完結之後,我們彷彿從未見過世面。我們的呼吸不過是一縷青煙;我們的思維不過是心臟跳動時產生的火花。

3.火花熄滅時,我們的身體就變成灰燼,我們的靈魂就化為空氣。

4.早晚人們會遺忘我們的名字,沒有人會記得我們的大業,我們的生命會被烈日、熱度蒸發,像雲痕一樣消逝,像霧一樣消散。

5.我們在世的時光像影子一般流動;我們死後無法起死回生,因為死期已注定了,沒人能重生。

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 6 Come on there for let us enjoy the good things that are present: and let us speedily use the creatures like as in youth.

7 Let us fill ourselves with costly wine and ointments: and let no flower of the Spring pass by us.

8 Let us crown ourselves with rosebuds, before they be withered:

9 Let none of us go without his part of our voluptuousness: let us leave tokens of our joyfulness in every place: for this is our portion and our lot is this.

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10 Let us oppress the poor righteous man, let us not spare the widow, nor reverence the ancient gray hairs of the aged.

6.惡人說,來吧,讓我們享受生活的樂趣,讓我們像年輕人一樣快快享用萬物。

7.讓我們喝杯美酒,抹最好的香膏,春天時也不錯過任何一朵花。

8.趁玫瑰花尚未凋謝,讓我們把它們摘下來戴在頭上。

9.讓我們一起狂歡,讓我們到處留下享樂的標記,因為這是我們應得的,我們的命就該如此。

10.我們要壓迫貧窮且正直的人,也不必尊重寡婦和老人。

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11 Let our strength be  the law of justice: for that which is feeble is found to be nothing worth.

12 Therefore let us lie in wait for the righteous; because HE is not of our turn, and HE is clean contrary to our doings. He upbraideth  us with our offending of the law, and ojecteth to our infamy the transgression of our education.

13 HE professeth to have the knowledge of the MOST HIGH, and calleth HIS self the child of the LORD.

14 HE was made to reprove our thoughts

15 HE is grievous unto us even to behold, for HIS life is not like other men’s, HIS ways are of another fashion.

11.讓我們的力量成為正義的律法,因為軟弱就會寸步難行。

12.因此我們要伺機擺脫正直的人,他的天性和我們不同,他反對我們的所作所為,他譴責我們破壞摩西的律法,他反對我們違犯祖先的教導。

13.他自稱通曉上帝,他自稱是主的孩子。

14.他生來就是要指責我們的思維。

15.他對我們來說很難忍受,更別說是看著他了,因為他的人生不像其他人一樣,他走的是另一條路。

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 16 We are esteemed of HIM as counterfeits: HE abstaineth from our ways as from filthiness: HE pronounceth the end of the just to be blessed, and maketh HIS boast that GOD is HIS father.

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17 Let us see if HIS words be true: and let us prove what shall happen in the end of HIM.

18 For if the just man be the Son of THE MOST HIGH, HE will help HIM and deliver HIM from the hands of HIS enemies.

19 Let us examine HIM with despitefulness and torture, that we may know HIS meekness and prove HIS patience.

20
Let us condemn HIM with a shameful death: for by HIS own mouth HE shall be respected…..

16.他認為我們是騙子,他迴避我們所做的下流事,他說正義之人臨終時會得到祝福,他自誇上帝是他的父親。

17.讓我們看看他的話是不是真的,讓我們看著他臨死時會發生什麼事。

18.如果正義之人確實是上帝的孩子,那麼上帝就會救他,讓他脫離仇敵之手。

19.讓我們考驗他一下,惡意刁難並折磨他,這樣我們才會知道他有多溫順,才能證明他有多堅忍。

20.讓我們來宣判他們可恥的死刑,因為他們會說,上帝會保護他們。

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這引發了幾個重要的問題

1.所羅門所說的以「可恥的死刑」殺害的是誰?

2.為何梵帝岡決定讓這14本書從聖經中除名?

3.為何在本書中,所羅門聽起來很瘋狂、邪惡?

所羅門似乎是在說耶穌。但耶穌大約在他死後900年才出生。他可能預言了耶穌的降臨嗎?來想一想為何耶穌是所羅門所說的人。

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  • 他們用可恥的死刑殺了上帝之子。
  • 上帝之子的行為或性情與其他人不同。
  • 他宣稱是上帝之子。
  • 他是正直的窮人,把所羅門和同類人視為「騙子」。
  • 他說他通曉上帝。

再來聽聽所羅門的說法:

  • 他生來就是要指責(批評)我們的思維。
  • 他認為我們是騙子,他迴避我們所做的下流事,他說正義之人臨終時會得到祝福,他自誇上帝是他的父親。
  • 如果正義之人確實是上帝的孩子,那麼上帝就會救他,讓他脫離仇敵之手。

我要指出的最後一件事是,所羅門說:

  • 我們要壓迫貧窮且正直的人,也不必尊重寡婦和老人。

這真的瓦解了我們所知的每件事。所羅門聽起來真的很邪惡。據說他也是歷史上最有智慧的人。

有趣的是,所羅門對神祕學很著迷,他崇敬很多種神,而且無法抵抗女人的誘惑。著名的所羅門聖殿(Temple of Solomon)被視為共濟會的發源地,它是一個組織,極有可能在幕後操縱全球重大事件,也有人主張它是真正統治世界的勢力。

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來源: Enlightened Consciousness